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Meaning of off-farm. Haggblade, S., Hazell, P. & Reardon, T. (2010). In agriculture, these ordinary and necessary expenses include car and truck expenses, fertilizer, seed, rent, insurance, fuel, and other costs of operating a farm. What does off-farm mean? be defined as all those activities associated with waged work or self-employment in income-generating activities (including in-kind income) that are not agricultural but located in rural areas. This article analyzes the impact of participation in off-farm activities on technical efficiency of maize production in eastern Ethiopia. South Asia Research 1996 16: 2, 175-203 Download Citation. In general, off-farm activities are considered to be important components of the rural economy of developing countries. In this context, the appeal of off-farm activities, especially own account enterprises is attractive. Off-Farm Activities and Employment Generation in Rural India: a Case Study of Household Enterprises in Jalandhar District, Punjab. The education status How do you use off-farm in a sentence? activities. Off-farm (non-farm) income refers to the portion of farm household income obtained off the farm, including nonfarm wages and salaries, pensions, and interest income earned by farm families. A farm is an area of land that is devoted primarily to agricultural processes with the primary objective of producing food and other crops; it is the basic facility in food production. Key Words: rural economy, non-farm activities, income inequality, income diversification. Furthermore, off farm activity is often Thus, rural non-farm activities might What is the meaning of off-farm? Off farm activities have become increasingly significant to the poorer burners, whereas for many social scientists they form substantial information which needs through attention to be able to estimate the farm honsebold income off farm activities. Farmers, like other business owners, may deduct “ordinary and necessary expenses paid . The result… On average for all farms in the United States, off-farm income accounts for over 90% of farm operator household income. "Report for Congress: Agriculture: A Glossary of Terms, Programs, and Laws, 2005 Edition", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Off-farm_income&oldid=780670285, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Congressional Research Service, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 May 2017, at 14:28. Forums pour discuter de off-farm, voir ses formes composées, des exemples et poser vos questions. agriculture than those who diversify toward off-farm activities; and (4) participation in off-farm activities has positive spillover effects on households’ agricultural activities. "Using survey data from the Upper East region of Ghana collected in 2005, the paper evaluates the household- and community-level factors influencing women's and men's decisions to participate in off-farm activities, either in the off-farm labor market or in local community groups, and the relationship with on-farm crop returns. In households with off-farm employment, 76 people were engaged in off-farm activities, including 32 operating a business (eg livestock and C. sinensis businesses, transport services, and stores), 16 part-time workers, and 28 Colin Simmons and Salinder Supri. A RECENT research shows that while faming is an important aspect of the rural economy, off-farm activities are equally important in addressing rural transformation, especially through empowering landless households and young families. Off-farm (non-farm) income refers to the portion of farm household income obtained off the farm, including nonfarm wages and salaries, pensions, and interest income earned by farm families. However, little is known about this sector in the state. %���� Use an atlas to locate the many places named in this section. Income diversification by farm households has gained the attention of researchers and policy makers due to its commonness especially in developing countries. While the poverty and inequality effects of off-farm income have been analyzed in different developing countries, much less empirical studies have been conducted on the impact of off-farm income on agricultural production and efficiency. 3 0 obj west coast of Malaysia for oil palm and tea In mid-September 2015, World Vision Rwanda began implementing the first phase of the Creating Off-farm Rwandan Enterprises (CORE) project in Nyamasheke and Rusizi Districts, in the south-west part of Rwanda. Total income for the farm operator household consists of income from the farm business, income from other farming activities, and income from earned and unearned off-farm sources. ACFPCL will provide skills, technology transfer, and advisory services to fully enable the farmers to take up off farm activities to established as a cottage industries. What is the definition of off-farm? About 61% of the sample households participate in off -farm activities. It varies according to the season of the year and the type of farm, but essentially falls into four main categories. Rural women urged to embrace off-farm activities Rural women have been urged to engage in other economic activities instead of solely relying on agriculture for their development. 2 0 obj What are synonyms for off-farm? These findings confirm a trade-off between the time spent on farm and off-farm activities, which, in turn, translates into a trade-off between expanding farm operations and increasing off-farm income-generating activities. off-farm activities have a significant technical efficiency gain compared with their non-participant counterparts. . <> Off Farm Activities ACFPCL has planned to support the farmers to take a off farm activities to enhance their income. Principales traductions Anglais Français off-farm, off farm adj adjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." 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