what is chocolate made of

European rules specify a minimum of 35% cocoa solids. Chocolate begins with the harvest of the cacao pods. Additionally, chocolate is frequently stored in a dark place or protected from light by wrapping paper. Growing and harvesting cacao beans is a difficult process for the producers. First, the pods are split open to reveal the cocoa beans instead, surrounded by the fruity pulp of the pod. [40] Chocolate and cocoa are under preliminary research to determine if consumption affects the risk of certain cardiovascular diseases[90] or cognitive abilities. Recent genetic studies suggest the most common genotype of the plant originated in the Amazon basin and was gradually transported by humans throughout South and Central America. White chocolate is made with cocoa butter, sugar, and milk powder (but no cocoa mass/liquor). Food produced from the seed of Theobroma cacao. After the process is complete, the chocolate mass is stored in tanks heated to about 45 to 50 °C (113 to 122 °F) until final processing.[66]. In fact, it’s a fascinating but labor-intensive process that will make you appreciate every sweet bite. ( I learned this when I took a bite of my mom’s unsweetened baking chocolate at the age of 7.) The length of the conching process determines the final smoothness and quality of the chocolate. The English word "chocolate" comes, … [30][31], White chocolate was first introduced to the U.S. in 1946 by Frederick E. Hebert of Hebert Candies in Shrewsbury, Massachusetts, near Boston, after he had tasted "white coat" candies while traveling in Europe. Dark Chocolate and Health. Chocolate is a confection made from cacao beans, the seeds of the cacao plant. In its basic form it is composed of cacao powder, cocoa butter, and some type of sweetener such as sugar; however, modern chocolate includes milk solids, any added flavors, modifiers, and preservatives. Make the Most of Milk Chocolate. This refers to the combined percentage of both cocoa solids and cocoa butter in the bar, not just the percentage of cocoa solids. Question: So, it's that simple? [20] Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés may have been the first European to encounter it, as the frothy drink was part of the after-dinner routine of Montezuma. [23] Vanilla, another indigenous American introduction, was also a popular additive, with pepper and other spices sometimes used to give the illusion of a more potent vanilla flavor. [20], Known as "Dutch cocoa", this machine-pressed chocolate was instrumental in the transformation of chocolate to its solid form when, in 1847, English chocolatier Joseph Fry discovered a way to make chocolate moldable when he mixed the ingredients of cocoa powder and sugar with melted cocoa butter. Milk chocolate is made by combining chocolate liquor, cocoa butter, sugar, flavorings, and sweetened condensed or powdered whole milk (which one is used depends on the individual manufacturer's formula and production methods). Unfortunately, these spices tended to unsettle the European constitution; the Encyclopédie states, "The pleasant scent and sublime taste it imparts to chocolate have made it highly recommended; but a long experience having shown that it could potentially upset one's stomach", which is why chocolate without vanilla was sometimes referred to as "healthy chocolate". A conche is a container filled with metal beads, which act as grinders. Once heated, the crystals of the polymorphic cocoa butter can break apart from the rigid structure and allow the chocolate to obtain a more fluid consistency as the temperature increases – the melting process. The temper of chocolate can be measured with a chocolate temper meter to ensure accuracy and consistency. The newly mixed chocolate travels through a series of rollers to smooth out the texture before traveling to the conching machine. The Spruce Eats uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience and for our, The 8 Best Chocolates for Valentine’s Day. [110] Despite the expanding reach of the chocolate industry internationally, cocoa farmers and labourers in the Ivory Coast are unaware of the uses of the beans; the high cost of chocolate products in the Ivory Coast make it inaccessible to the majority of the population, who do not know what it tastes like. The shell is removed to produce cacao nibs, which are then ground to cocoa mass, unadulterated chocolate in rough form. [14] A few years thereafter, in 1828, he created a press to remove about half the natural fat (cocoa butter or cacao butter) from chocolate liquor, which made chocolate both cheaper to produce and more consistent in quality. The conching machine, so-called because the original designs resembled seashells, kneads and massages the chocolate mixture for a period of time ranging from several hours to several days. Several types of chocolate can be distinguished. [10] Documents in Maya hieroglyphs stated chocolate was used for ceremonial purposes, in addition to everyday life. The cacao tree is a tropical plant that grows only within 20 degrees latitude of the Equator. Lindt is known for its truffle balls and gold foil-wrapped Easter bunnies. The Spanish royal chronicler Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo y Valdés described a chocolate drink he had seen in Nicaragua in 1528, mixed with achiote: "because those people are fond of drinking human blood, to make this beverage seem like blood, they add a little achiote, so that it then turns red. It is unadulterated chocolate: the pure, ground, roasted chocolate beans impart a strong, deep chocolate flavor. Chocolate made from unfermented cocoa beans does not have the body and richness as chocolate made from fermented cocoa beans. ... A quick video on making chocolate homemade from scratch. White chocolate doesn't qualify as genuine chocolate because it doesn't contain chocolate solids (a.k.a. The main cacao-producing countries are the Ivory Coast and Ghana, although there are numerous smaller markets in South America and Africa. Theobroma cacao means “food of the Gods,” and this name reflects both the heavenly taste of chocolate and the reverence Mayan and Aztec cultures had for this divine food. The beans are shipped to factories all over the world, where manufacturers inspect and clean them, then roast and grind them into a dense liquid called chocolate liquor. [37], White chocolate, although similar in texture to that of milk and dark chocolate, does not contain any cocoa solids that impart a dark color. [88], A few studies have documented allergic reactions from chocolate in children. Approximately 65% of the fat in milk chocolate is saturated, mainly palmitic acid and stearic acid, while the predominant unsaturated fat is oleic acid (table). For example, one vessel found at an Olmec archaeological site on the Gulf Coast of Veracruz, Mexico, dates chocolate's preparation by pre-Olmec peoples as early as 1750 BC. Chocolate is made from the seeds of the cocoa tree. Chocolate is made from cocoa beans, the dried and fermented seeds of the cacao tree (Theobroma cacao), a small, 4–8 m tall (15–26 ft tall) evergreen tree native to the deep tropical region of the Americas. Although cocoa originated in the Americas, West African countries, particularly Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana, are the leading producers of cocoa in the 21st century, accounting for some 60% of the world cocoa supply. In the UK and Ireland, milk chocolate must contain a minimum of 20% total dry cocoa solids; in the rest of the European Union, the minimum is 25%. Chocolate with a higher fat content will melt at a lower temperature.[71]. [33] The word entered Spanish from the word xocolātl in Nahuatl, the language of the Aztecs. Adding milk powder makes milk chocolate. Without fermentation, the beans would be too astringent and bitter to enjoy. Its own ( usually over ice ) or mixed into other recipes for food beverages. 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